Post Traumatic Brain Injuries
Traumatic Brain Injury is an impact injury of the brain in which there is diffuse damage to the brain cells causing severe deficit which can be physical, cognitive, behavioural as well as emotional. The management of such individuals constitutes a medical crisis as well as a long-term challenge, since the brain damage affects the entire body, and healing and recovery is very rare.
Causes of Post Traumatic Brain Injuries
TBI is caused by a severe jolt or blow to the head, or a head injury that penetrates and disrupts normal brain function.
Our brains are like a mass of gelatin which is protected from jolts and bumps by the cerebrospinal fluid around it – the brain literally floats in this fluid inside the skull. A violent blow or jolt to the head can push the brain against the inner wall of the skull, which can lead to the tearing of fibers and bleeding in and around the brain.
Not only can a blow cause injury to the brain, sudden and rapid acceleration or significant deceleration may cause TBI well.
Symptoms of Post Traumatic Brain Injuries
- Loss of consciousness for a few seconds to a few minutes
- No loss of consciousness, but a state of being dazed, confused or disoriented
- Nausea or vomiting
- Fatigue or drowsiness
- Difficulty sleeping
- Sleeping more than usual
- Dizziness or loss of balance
- Sensory symptoms
- blurred vision
- ringing in the ears
- a bad taste in the mouth or changes in the ability to smell
- Sensitivity to light or sound